The Platy Fish, a Firm Aquarium Fish For Every Beginner
The Platy is a small colorful fish with a cheerful personality. And a popular aquarium fish for years. An excellent strong beginner fish that is also ideal for breeding.
Platys are one of several species of living freshwater fish from freshwater fish. Grouped with their close cousins, the Swordtails, Platys are part of the genus known as Xiphophorus.
The platys and swordtails belong to the genus Xiphophorus Heckel, 1848, and originate from Latin America. The northernmost species are found in northern Mexico and the southernmost in Guatemala.
The Platy fish, also known in the scientific world as Xiphophorus maculatus are from the Central American continent, like Guatemala, Honduras, and Mexico.
These little fish are characterized by having an elongated shape and a rounded belly, the latter being much more pronounced in females than in males. Its mouth is placed in a superior position due to the multiple crosses.
This fish is enthusiastic and calm; In general, they are effortless to care for, and that’s why they are a favorite fish to have at home.
Platies are beautiful fish for your aquarium
Platys that live in a suitable aquarium become the rabbits of the aquarium fish. You can find them in Central America, Southeast Africa, Mexico, and Indonesia in the wild. They live in warm tropical water.
The Platy lives an average of 3 years, and a female can grow to about 6 inches in length. I will tell you all the important topics about this nice aquarium fish.
Two essential things you need to know if you don’t want your Platy to die.
1. Test your water with test strips that do work.
2. Provide extra resistance to the fish.
The ideal platy aquarium decoration
The Platy is a small, active fish and therefore does not need a lot of space. A 35-gallon aquarium is big enough for about five Platys.
Keep an eye on the number of fish in a small tank, and they reproduce very quickly. The best ratio for the Platy is one male for every three females.
Platys are very strong fish, meaning they can handle a broad spectrum of water conditions and survive in lesser water conditions.
Poor water conditions and water values cause algae growth. For the type of sword carrier Platy, the water values must be good because the sword carrier is slightly more fragile than the normal Platy.
Are you planning to work with Platy? Keep to the overview below:
pH value: 6.8 – 8.0
Hardness scale: 10 – 28 dGH
Volume: 35 liters or more
Soil type: no specific requirements
Lighting: standard lighting (The Platy has no specific requirements)
Temperature: 21 to 25 degrees Celsius
Flow: little flow (besides the standard aquarium filter, no extra pump is needed)
The Platy does not require a specific type of soil. The Platy does like a densely planted aquarium, with open spaces to swim around freely.
Above all, make sure that your aquarium plants are growing well. Surface plants are good hiding places for the Platy’s newborn fry.
Which fish can go with a Platy?
The Platy is usually a calm, peaceful aquarium fish. If there is a problem with other fish, it will be caused by the other aquarium fish. Below is a small overview of which types of aquarium fish go well with the Platy.
Own kind: Good
Small Peaceful Fish (Danios or Guppies): Good!
Small (semi-) aggressive fish (Sunfish or Betas): Watch out!
Bigger Fish (Oscars or Arowana): Bad!
Invertebrates (shrimp, crabs, or snails): Good!
Aquarium plants: Good!
Fish food primarily for the Platy
The Platy is an omnivore but needs mainly plant food. They are easy because they are a tasty snack for almost all types of fish food on the market.
Fleshy foods such as bloodworms can sometimes also be given. That is good for the resistance.
You maybe will have a Platy that also eats algae in your tank. They are known for nibbling on filamentous algae in particular.
Common platies disease
Because the Platy is a powerful fish, it does not suffer from species-specific diseases. However, the Platy remains sensitive to common fish diseases such as White Spot and fin rot.
Prevention is always better than cure. Fish diseases often arise when new fish are added. Then use preventive medicine or ensure that new fish are quarantined for a few weeks first.
If you don’t see any diseases, then they can go in the fish tank.
Difference Between Males and Females Platies
It is difficult to determine the sex, but from the time they are four to five months old, you can distinguish the sexes using the following characteristics:
Male: smaller, Brighter colors, Rod-shaped projection at the pelvic fin.
Female: Taller, Less bright color.
My step-by-step plan growing platies
Do you have Platies? Then it is sometimes more difficult not to breed them than to breed them. Platys reproduce well in good water conditions.
What is characteristic of Platy’s reproduction is that they do not lay eggs. The fish babies emerge alive from their mother’s womb. This also means that the eggs are fertilized internally by the male. It has a rod-shaped pelvic fin for that.
Growing Platy’s not so good after all? Or do you never see baby Platies? Then follow our step-by-step plan below:
Step 1: The proper aquarium set-up and composition for platies
Place a male and three females together in a 30 to 40-gallon tank with a small aquarium filter in place for a month in the main tank.
Pregnant Platy aquarium fish: If you observe them often enough, you may get lucky and see them mating. During mating, the male and female swim around each other, and the male tries to fertilize the female.
You can tell that a female is pregnant by a big belly and a dark spot on the stomach. The aquarium mustn’t be shared with larger other aquarium fish. They see baby Platies as a tasty snack.
Step 2: Make sure the Platy babies survive the first weeks
When you know that the female is pregnant, it is good to put the male back in the old aquarium to reduce stress on the female.
Make sure there are enough aquarium plants in the tank. After 25 to 30 days, the female gives birth to 20 to 50 small Platies. When they are all born, the female is also allowed to return to the main aquarium.
Now you can feed the fry with food such as brine shrimp eggs. Feed them a small amount 3 to 4 times a day for healthy growth.
Step 3: Make the Platys get strong from 2 to 4 months
When the fry is two months old, you can switch to flakes, pellets, or meaty food such as red mosquito larvae and Artemia.
Ensure that you inspect the Platys closely every day to identify abnormalities or diseases quickly, and the treatment can take effect as efficiently as possible.
If all goes well, they will mature around four months and can be moved to a giant aquarium or sell them.
Various Types of Platy
There are several varieties of platyfish, different in shapes such as veil, needle, or brush tails; and different for their colors, such as the wag-tail, the tuxedo, the mottled, and the Mickey mouse.
The original coloration of the Platy that are in the wild or their natural habitat is of poor colors, not very showy, with tiny fins. They can generally be found in calm waters with lots of vegetation and roots to hide from predators.
However, in captivity, because any color and any mixture between them are allowed, they can have more colors, such as red, yellow throughout their body, and orange.
Through years of selective breeding, many different types of Platys have arisen in many different color patterns.
While Platys can vary considerably in color and even in fin-type, there are only a few species. In addition, these species interbreed so quickly that many specimens sold commercially are mixed.
This list describes some color and pattern variations, as well as fin types, of Platy fish. The most common Platy variants are:
The Solid color platy
The solid color Platy is (as the name says) a Platy with one solid color all over the fish. This group includes the Red, Coral, Blue, and Golden Platy.
The Moonfish platy
A Moonfish Platy is characterized by a black semicircular spot on the tail that looks like a crescent moon. This category includes the Red Platy, Blue Platy, and Gold Moon Platy.
The Wagtail platy
What characterizes a Wagtail Platy is that the tail and dorsal fins are black, and the rest of the fish has a solid color. The Red Platy, Gold Platy, Black, and Mixed Wagtail Platies are examples of this.
One of the first breeding products was the Wagtail-Platy, in which the primary body color ranges from light yellow to cherry-red, and the fins of the fin rays are colored black.
However, blue, gold, or green colors can also be seen with the wagtail variation. The wagtail color pattern is also commonly seen in Swordtails.
The Tuxedo pattern platy
A Tuxedo Platy is all black or green from his gills to his tail and has a colored head. The Tuxedo Platy looks like he’s wearing a suit, hence the name Tuxedo Platy.
Red and gold often color in tuxedo patterns and can be extremely attractive. The tuxedo trait is often combined with additional color variations, such as the comet or double rod trait, as with other color pattern types.
Salt and pepper pattern platy
The Salt-and-Pepper Platy is a fish that can have the colors of the Solid Platy, but it is covered with black spots and dots like a Dalmatian.
In this variation, some dark or light spots (instead of dots) are sprinkled liberally over the body, a slightly different twist on the variegated pattern, and can be seen in various colors.
As with other color patterns, this type can be combined with different color and fin variations.
The Mixed platy
The Mixed Platy is a mishmash of colors. This color mix is because they have not been bred purely on one color or species and therefore have several color genes mixed up.
Because the Mixed Platy is not grown pure, it is also the most available and the cheapest.
Comet or Twin Bar pattern platy
The comet or double rod property is another color variation that is often combined with other color patterns.
In this variant, the caudal fin is marked black on the outer margin. The rod makes the caudal fin stand out conspicuously.
Hifin Wagtail platy
There are two common fin variations in Platys – the hifin is the most common feature.
In hifines, the dorsal fin is elongated, sometimes quite significant. As with other features, the hi-fine variation is often combined with different color patterns.
Unfortunately, any tail variation in which the tail is long or partial lends itself to being pinched.
Variegated pattern platy
Dark spots of various sizes and shapes all over the body are a standard color pattern. It is also called painted because it resembles the plodding of an artist’s brush.
The very popular Mickey Mouse platy is a kind of variegated color pattern.
Finally, My opinion about the wondrous Platy Fish
The Platy is a very fun, colorful, and easy to keep beginner fish. Its attractive colors, dynamic behavior, and cheerful personality make it highly recommended for any aquarium.
Almost every pet store has a group of Platy for sale at a low price, and Because they reproduce quickly, you don’t need many to get a larger group of fish.
The danger is then overpopulation and the accompanying overload, including algae of the aquarium. But until then: enjoy the beautiful color spectacle.